6 – Penalties

601 General regulations for penalties

  1. When an offence leading to a penalty is committed, the offender shall be penalized.

    If the referees are unable to point out the offender, or if the offence is committed by a member of the team staff, the team captain shall choose a field player, who is not already penalized, to serve the penalty. If the team captain refuses to do this, or is penalized, the referees shall choose the player. All penalties carried out shall be noted in the match record with the time, number of the player, type of penalty and cause of penalty. If the penalty is caused by an offence in connection with play, the non- offending team shall be awarded a free-hit. If the penalty is caused by an offence not in connection with play, play shall be resumed with a face-off. If the penalty is caused by an offence committed during an interruption, play shall be resumed according to what caused the interruption.

    A penalized team captain loses his right to speak to the referees, unless he is addressed by them.

  2. A penalized player shall be on the penalty bench during the entire penalty.

    All penalties terminate when the match is over. A penalty, which has not expired at the end of regular game time, shall continue during extra time. A penalized player shall be on the same side of the centre line as his team, with the exception of when the secretariat and the penalty benches are situated on the same side of the rink as the substitution zones. During regular game time a penalized player may leave the penalty bench during an intermission. A penalized player shall not leave the penalty bench during the intermission between regular game time and extra time. A penalized player is not allowed to participate in a time out. A player, whose penalty expires, shall immediately leave the penalty bench, unless the number of penalties for his team makes this impossible or the penalty expiring is a personal penalty. A goalkeeper, whose penalty expires, shall not leave the penalty bench until the next interruption.

    A penalized player who is injured may be replaced on the penalty bench by a field player who is not already penalized. Both players shall be noted in the match record with the number of the player actually serving the penalty in brackets. If the injured player enters the rink before the penalty expires, match penalty one will be imposed.

    If the secretariat is responsible for a player being admitted to the rink too soon and the mistake is noticed during regular penalty time, the player shall resume his position on the penalty bench. There shall not be any additional penalty time and the player shall return to the rink when his regular penalty time expires.

  3. If a goalkeeper incurs one or several 2 minute bench penalties, the team captain shall choose a field player, who is not already penalized, to serve the penalty.
     A goalkeeper incurring a 5 minute bench penalty or a personal penalty shall serve the penalty himself.

    If a goalkeeper incurs one or several 2 minutes bench penalties when serving penalties or in connection with a 5 minute bench penalty or a personal penalty, he shall serve these penalties himself.
    If a goalkeeper serves penalties and a reserve goalkeeper is not available, the team has a maximum of 3 minutes to properly equip a field player, but none of this time shall be used for warming up. The new goalkeeper shall be marked in the match record, and the time of the change shall be noted. When the penalty expires, the goalkeeper must not enter the rink until play is interrupted. Due to this the team captain shall choose a field player, who is not already penalized, to accompany the goalkeeper on the penalty bench in order to enter the rink when the penalty expires. Only the penalized player shall be noted in the match record. The referees shall together with the secretariat help a goalkeeper, whose penalty has expired during play, to leave the penalty bench as soon as play is interrupted.

  4. Penalty time shall be synchronized to game time.

602 Bench penalty

  1. A bench penalty shall affect the team, and due to this the penalized player shall not be replaced on the rink during the penalty.
  2. No more than one bench penalty per player and two bench penalties per team shall be measured simultaneously.

    All bench penalties shall be measured in the order they are imposed. A player, whose penalty can not be measured, shall be on the penalty bench from the moment his penalty is carried out. If more than one penalty is imposed simultaneously on a team already having a bench penalty, the team captain decides which of the new penalties shall be measured first. Shorter bench penalties shall, in this case, always be measured before longer.

  3. A team, which has more than two players with carried out bench penalties, shall still have the right to play with four players on the rink.

    The team shall play with four players on the rink until they have only one bench penalty being measured. A player, whose bench penalty expires before this, shall remain on the penalty bench until play is interrupted or, if this occurs sooner, further bench penalties expire so that his team has only one bench penalty being measured. All penalized players in a team shall leave the penalty bench in the same order as their bench penalties expire, but the rules concerning the number of players allowed on the rink shall be noticed all the time. The referees, together with the secretariat, shall help a player, whose penalty has expired during play, to leave the penalty bench as soon as play is interrupted.

  4. If a player, who has incurred a bench penalty, commits further offences leading to a penalty, all his penalties shall be served consecutively.

    This is regardless of whether the first penalty has started or not. If a bench penalty has already started and the same player incurs another penalty, the measuring of the first penalty shall not be affected, but go on from where it was when the new penalty was carried out.

    Consecutively implies that as soon as the player’s first bench penalty expires or terminates, the next one shall start being measured, unless the team has other bench penalties, not yet being measured, which have been imposed in between the first player’s bench penalties.
    An unlimited number of bench penalties can be imposed on the same player. If a player has incurred a personal penalty, all his bench penalties have to expire or terminate before the personal penalty may start to be measured.

    If a player is serving a personal penalty, then incurs a bench penalty, the measuring of the remaining personal penalty shall, as soon as the bench penalty can be measured, be postponed until the bench penalty expires or terminates. The team captain shall choose a field player, who is not already penalized, to accompany the player on the penalty bench in order to enter the rink when the bench penalty expires. If a penalized player commits an offence leading to a match penalty, the rules concerning match penalties shall also be applied.

603 2 minute bench penalty

  1. If the opposing team scores during a 2 minute bench penalty that is being measured, the penalty shall terminate, unless the opposing team is outnumbered on the rink or the teams play with equal strength.

    The penalty will not terminate if the goal is scored neither during a delayed penalty nor from a penalty shot caused by an offence leading to a penalty. This is not applicable when it concerns a 5 minute bench penalty in connection with penalty shot or delayed penalty shot

  2. If a team has more than one 2 minute bench penalty, these shall terminate in the same order they have been carried out.

604 Delayed penalty

  1. All penalties may be delayed. A delayed penalty shall be applied when the non-offending team still controls the ball after an offence leading to a penalty. Only one penalty at a time can be delayed except when a goal situation is in progress, in which case a second penalty may also be delayed.

    If one or several delayed penalties are imposed in connection with a penalty shot or a delayed penalty shot, the rules concerning penalties in connection with a penalty shot shall also be applied.

  2. A delayed penalty implies that the non-offending team is given the possibility to continue the attack until the offending team gains and controls the ball or play is interrupted.

    During a delayed penalty, the non-offending team shall be given the opportunity to replace the goalkeeper with a field player and continue the attack. A delayed penalty shall still be carried out after the end of a period or a match. If the delayed penalty is carried out because the offending team gains and controls the ball, play shall be resumed with a face-off.

    The non-offending team shall use a delayed penalty for constructive attacking play. If the referees consider the team only to be trying to waste time, the players shall be notified. If the team still does not try to attack, play shall be interrupted, the delayed penalty carried out and play resumed with a face-off.

    If the delayed penalty is carried out because of any other interruption, play shall be resumed according to what caused the interruption.
    If the non-offending team scores in a correct way during a delayed penalty, the goal shall be allowed and the delayed 2 minute bench penalty last imposed on the team shall not be carried out. No other penalties shall be affected.
    If the offending team scores during a delayed penalty, the goal shall be disallowed and play resumed with a face-off. If the non-offending team scores an own goal, the goal shall be allowed.

606 5 minute bench penalty

  1. If the opposing team scores during a 5 minute bench penalty, the penalty shall not terminate.

    If a 5 minute bench penalty is imposed in connection with a penalty shot or a delayed penalty shot, the rules concerning penalties in connection with a penalty shot shall also be applied.

607 Offences leading to a 5 minute bench penalty

  1. When a field player, performs violent or dangerous strikes with his stick. (901)

    This includes when a field player raises his stick over an opponent’s head and the opponent is hit.

  2. When a field player uses his stick to hook an opponent's body. (906)
  3. When a player throws his stick or other equipment on the rink to hit or try to hit the ball. (909)
  4. When a player throws himself towards an opponent or otherwise attacks an opponent violently. (909)
  5. When a player tackles, throws or trips an opponent against the board or the goal cage. (909)
  6. When a player commits repeated offences, each leading to a 2 minute bench penalty. (923) 

    The 5 minute bench penalty replaces the last 2 minute bench penalty. The offences shall be similar.

608 Personal penalty

  1. A personal penalty can only be imposed in connection with a bench penalty and shall not be measured until the bench penalty expires or terminates. An unlimited number of personal penalties may be measured simultaneously.

    If a player, already serving a personal penalty, incurs a bench penalty, the measuring of the remaining personal penalty shall, as soon as the bench penalty can be measured, be postponed until the bench penalty expires or terminates. The team captain shall choose a field player, who is not already penalized, to accompany the player on the penalty bench in order to enter the rink when the bench penalty expires.

  2. A personal penalty shall only affect the player, and due to this he may be replaced on the rink during the penalty.

    The team captain shall choose a field player, who is not already penalized, to accompany the player on the penalty bench in order to enter the rink when the bench penalty expires. Only the penalized player shall be noted in the match record. When the personal penalty expires, the player shall not enter the rink until play is interrupted. The referees shall, together with the secretariat, help a player, whose personal penalty has expired during play, to leave the penalty bench as soon as play is interrupted. A member of the team staff incurring a personal penalty shall be sent to the spectators’ stand for the rest of the match, and the team captain shall choose a field player, who is not already penalized, to serve the bench penalty.

609 10 minute personal penalty

  1. If the opposing team scores during a 10 minute personal penalty, the penalty shall not terminate.

610 Offences leading to a 2 minute bench penalty + 10 minute personal penalty

  1. When a player or a member of the team staff is guilty of unsportsmanlike behaviour. (925)

    Unsportsmanlike behaviour implies: Behaving in an insulting or unfair way towards referees, players, team staff, officials, spectators, or any simulating action intended to deceive the referees. Intentionally kicking, upsetting or hitting the board or the goal cage.

    Throwing the stick or any other equipment, even during an interruption or in the substitution zone.

611 Match penalty

  1. A player or a member of the team staff incurring a match penalty shall immediately go to the dressing room and must not take any further part in the match.

    The organiser is responsible for ensuring that the offender goes to the dressing room and does not return to the spectators’ stand or the rink during the remaining time of the match, possible extra time and penalty shots included. All match penalties shall be reported.A player or member of the team staff shall incur only one match penalty per match with exception from a match penalty when not noted in the match record. Subsequent offences leading to a match penalty shall be reported, but no further bench penalty shall be imposed with exception from a match penalty incurred for a player or member of team staff not noted in the match record.
    Offences committed before or after the match, which normally lead to a match penalty, shall be reported, but no bench penalty shall be imposed. With the exception of incorrect equipment (which shall be corrected by the player concerned, who may then start the match), offences leading to a match penalty committed before the match shall also lead to the offender’s non participation in the match, possible extra time and penalty shots included.

  2. A match penalty shall always be followed by a 5 minute bench penalty.

    The team captain shall choose a field player, who is not already penalized, to serve the bench penalty, and possible other bench penalties concerning the player or member of the team staff incurring the match penalty. Only the penalized player shall be noted in the match record. Possible personal penalties concerning the player incurring a match penalty shall terminate. If a player having received a match penalty makes a further offence leading to a match penalty, the offence leading to a severer match penalty will be noted in the match record.

612 Match penalty 1

  1. Match penalty 1 shall lead to suspension for the rest of the match and shall not lead to any further punishment for the player.

613 Offences leading to a match penalty 1

  1. When a field player uses a non approved stick, a stick consisting of a blade and a shaft of two different brands or a stick with a hook which is too wide.
     When a goalkeeper uses an incorrect face mask. (no offence sign)

    A stick without approval mark is always considered to be non-approved.

  2. When a player or a member of the team staff, not noted in the match record, participates in the match. (no offence sign)
  3. When an injured player, who has been replaced on the penalty bench, participates in play before his penalty time has expired. (no offence sign)
  4. When a player is guilty of continued or repeated unsportsmanlike behaviour. (925)

    The match penalty replaces the second 2 minute bench penalty + 10 minute personal penalty, but shall still be followed by a 5 minute bench penalty. Continued implies in the same sequence and repeated for the second time in the same match.

  5. When a player, in anger, breaks his stick or other equipment. (925)
  6. When a player is guilty of dangerous physical play. (909)

    This includes dangerous, violent or unsportsmanlike offences considered deliberate or unprovoked.

614 Match penalty 2

  1. Match penalty 2 shall also lead to suspension from the following match in the same competition.

615 Offences leading to a match penalty 2

  1. When a player or a member of the team staff participates in a scuffle. (909)

    A scuffle implies a milder form of a fight, without punches or kicks, where the players involved respect attempts to separate them.

  2. When a player commits an offence leading to a 5 minute bench penalty, for the second time in the same match. (923)

    The match penalty replaces the second 5 minute bench penalty, but shall still be followed by a 5 minute bench penalty.

  3. When a member of the team staff, is guilty of continued or repeated unsportsmanlike behaviour. (925)

    The match penalty replaces the second 2 minute bench penalty + 10 minute personal penalty, but shall still be followed by a 5 minute bench penalty.

  4. When a player, whose equipment is about to be controlled, tries to correct or exchange the equipment before the control of the equipment. (925)
  5. When a player or a member of the team staff commits an offence clearly intending to sabotage play. (925)

    This includes when:
    A penalized player intentionally enters the rink during play, before his penalty expires or terminates. If the rink is entered during an interruption in play a 2 minute bench penalty shall be imposed. If the secretariat is responsible for a player being admitted to the rink too soon, and the mistake is noticed during regular penalty time, the player shall resume his position on the penalty bench. There shall not be any additional penalty time and the player shall return to the rink when his regular penalty time expires. If the mistake is noticed after the regular penalty time has expired, no action shall be taken. If a player, whose penalty has expired, enters the rink despite the numeric situation does request him to wait for the next interruption, it can, depending on its cause, be considered to be ‘playing with too many players’.
    Offences are committed by either team from the substitution zone, during a penalty shot. Equipment is thrown from the substitution zone during play.
    A player, not in the process of changing, takes part or tries to take part in play from the substitution zone.
    A player participates as a field player after having participated as a goal keeper in the same game.
    A team intentionally has too many players on the rink.

  6. When a field player continues to use a defective stick or uses a strengthened or lengthened shaft. (no offence sign)

616 Match penalty 3

  1. Match penalty 3 shall also lead to suspension from the following match in the same competition, and further punishment decided by the administrating authority.

617 Offences leading to a match penalty 3

  1. When a player or a member of the team staff is involved in a fight. (909)

    A player is considered to be involved in a fight when he uses punches or kicks.

  2. When a player or a member of the team staff is guilty of a brutal offence. (909)

    This also includes throwing a stick or other equipment at an opponent.

  3. When a player or a member of the team staff is guilty of rude misconduct. (925)

    Rude misconduct implies grossly insulting referees, players, team staff, officials or spectators.

  4. When a player or a member of the team staff is guilty of violent conduct.

    Violent conduct means a deliberate impact on the physical integrity of a person without causing injury.

618 Penalties in connection with a penalty shot

  1. If a penalty shot results in a goal, the penalty causing the penalty, if it is a 2-minute bench penalty, shall be terminated.

    This includes a delayed penalty shot. If during a delayed penalty shot, the offending team commits another offence leading to a penalty shot, the second offence shall be considered the offence causing the penalty shot. If a penalty shot is interrupted due to an offence caused by the goalkeeper, the goalkeeper’s offence shall be considered the cause of the new penalty shot. If a 5 minute bench penalty is imposed in connection with a penalty shot or a delayed penalty shot an already existing 2- minute bench penalty shall be terminated if the penalty shot results in a goal.